India HIV/AIDS Resource Centre
National AIDS Control Organisation
Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India



Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by a Bacterium, Mycobacterium tuberculosis.                                                                                                  

How is tuberculosis caused?


TB is spread through the air by a person suffering from TB. A single patient can infect 10 or more people in a year.

What are the symptoms of tuberculosis?


·         Cough for three weeks or more, sometimes with blood-streaked sputum

·         Fever, especially at night

·         Weight loss

·         Loss of appetite


TB usually affects the lungs, but it sometimes affects other parts of the body. TB can cause death if not treated with medicine. People don’t know they have TB infection unless they have been tested for TB.



HIV is the strongest risk factor for tuberculosis among adults. Tuberculosis is most prominent opportunistic diseases to develop amongst persons infected with HIV. HIV debilitates the immune system increasing the vulnerability to TB and increasing the risk of progression from TB infection to TB disease. People with TB are also susceptible to HIV infection.

Sexually Transmitted Infections


Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI)/ Reproductive Tract Infections (RTI) are defined as any infection of the reproductive system. It enhances chance of acquiring and transmitting HIV infection by 8-10 times.


STI symptoms in men

Discharge or pus from the penis Sores, blisters, Rashes or boils on the penis, Lumps on or near the genital area or penis swelling in the genital area, Pain or burning during urination, itching in and around the genital area

STI symptoms in women

Pain in the lower abdomen, Unusual and foul smelling discharge from the vagina, Lumps on or near the genital area, Pain or burning during the sexual intercourse,Itching in and around the genitals, Sores, blisters, Rashes or boils around the genitals. Women are more susceptible to infections

Correct and Consistent use of condom is the best way to prevent infection and it’s also important to take the full course and only stop medicines when told by doctor only.  Get your partner also tested for STIs.